New York City is no stranger to colossal infrastructure and development projects that often come with harrowing delays. Ammonium Nitrate Safety Program (ANSP) - The New York State Ammonium Nitrate Security Program (ANSP) is a coordinated, interagency effort to secure and monitor ammonium nitrate sold in New York, due to its potential use as an explosive material and volatility to heat and improper storage. Infrastructure and Other City Services. National Guard Cyber Security Element (CSE) - In November 2016, six National Guard members on State Active Duty joined the OCT-CI Unit to provide cyber security support for fieldwork and analysis, as part of a one-year pilot program. Much of New York City’s skeletal infrastructure dates from the first part of the 20th century. Specifically, the CIP Unit: 1. Andrew Cuomo and New York City Council Speaker Corey Johnson have been looking to transform New York’s image – both downstate and upstate – through major transit infrastructure projects. Legislative Mandates - New York State Executive Law, Article 26, requires OCT to review, assess, and report on the security of each of the following sectors, on a periodic basis: OCT-CI analysts regularly conduct one-day site visits at critical facilities in these sectors to inform the reports, which are produced for the Governor, designated members of the Legislature, certain agency commissioners, and affected companies. Critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) refer to a broad array of assets which are essential to the everyday functionality of social, economic, political and cultural systems in the United States. Yet the delivery of essential services depends on infrastructure that is currently in need of significant repair, investment, and modern asset management. City governments should seek to take advantage of land value, and both public and private sectors should share in the burden of paying for critical infrastructure. The City has allocated funds to help repair buildings and replace equipment, but also relocate as much critical systems out of basements and away from areas that may flood in the future. With almost half of New York City’s pipes put in place prior to 1941, it would take 100 years or more to upgrade its aging pipes at current replacement rates. The CSE provides cyber security expertise for all of OCT-CI's site assessments. Identifies and categorizes New York State's most critical assets across 16 Critical Infrastructure Sectors; 2. S&T works with industry, responders, and other stakeholders, before, during and after events happen make sure the nation and critical infrastructure sectors are prepared. Rapid Repairs: The NYC Rapid Repairs Program has assisted residential owners impacted by Hurricane Sandy with emergency repairs to their private properties in order to alleviate emergency conditions caused by the storm. Some bridges in New York City are operated by other agencies. Identifies and categorizes New York State's most critical assets across 16 Critical Infrastructure Sectors; Conducts site assessments and analysis at critical facilities across the State; Shares information and best practices with owners and operators of New York's critical infrastructure in the public and private sector; Monitors terrorism threats facing each of the 16 critical infrastructure sectors, and prioritizes fieldwork accordingly; Supports State emergency response activities and provides critical information on the State's infrastructure and key resources to inform decision-maker during an incident, §713 - Energy generation and transmission facilities, §714 - Chemical storage and manufacturing sites, §716 - Natural gas and petroleum pipeline facilities. Findings are subsequently presented to the facility's executive staff through a formal out-brief. Conducts site assessments and analysis at critical facilities across the State; 3. Hurricane Sandy damaged facilities that provide essential city services, such as police stations, fire stations, sanitation garages, and educational facilities. The OCT Critical Infrastructure Protection Unit works with Federal, State, local, and private sector partners to enhance the overall security of the State's most critical assets. Globally, we live in a digital landscape full of cyber threats and vulnerabilities. CNBC's study says New York has the seventh worst infrastructure in the United States. Specifically, the CIP Unit: The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has identified 16 Critical Infrastructure sectors "that compose the assets, systems, and networks, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that their incapacitation or destruction would have a debilitating effect on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination thereof.". 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